Tobacco Industry Boosts Rural Income Rise
(villagers busling with tobaco leaves treatment in Husa Village)
(demonstration plot of modernized tobacco cultivation in Namu Village)
Dehong enjoys abundant soil resource, which contains more than 1.8 million mu land with excellent conditions for tobacco cultivation and allows tobacco production in large scale. Meanwhile, the superior natural surroundings entail the perfect growing and processing environment for quality tobacco. Generally, tobacco industry in Dehong prefecture could be featured as “rotational tobacco cultivation with eco-friendly method, consecutive policy support and stable output value”. The industry enjoys numerous advantages and potentials in offering premium tobacco leaves to top-notch cigarette brands. Back in 2011, Dehong was selected by provincial government and provincial tobacco monopoly bureau to participate in the strategic base construction for quality tobacco cultivation. With the support and guidance of relative administrations, Dehong’s tobacco industry began to grow in a health and sustainable direction.
In Zhefang Village, villager Mr. Fang, together with her daughter, was paving the greenhouse membrane for the following planting of a species of sun-cured tobacco that only grows in red-soil. Mr. Fang ploughed 4 mu out of his total 12-mu paddy field to grow tobacco in 2011. The satisfying annual income around 12,000 RMB last year encouraged him to expand the cultivation area into 10 mu to plant tobacco this year. Mr. Fang told the reporter that the majority of cultivation cost was covered by the cigarette companies to rule out capital difficulties, and technicians offered assistance every two days to help farmers solve problems in cultivation technique. “The income from tobacco cultivation is expected to reach 30,000 RMB this year.” Mr. Fang said.
In Riverside district of Zhefang Village, tobacco cultivation was introduced in 2010. Villager Yang Chaosheng, who was the first to start tobacco planting, received an annual income of 9700 RMB from his 2 mu of tobacco. Other villagers all followed Mr. Yang’s step in tobacco cultivation. In a burst, the figure of tobacco-cultivating households soared from 16 to 240.
Great benefit was harvested from tobacco leaves, which enabled villager to build new family houses, purchase motorcycles and improve their living environment. Tobacco leaves might have the magic to bring fortune to the village, and to all the tobacco farmers in Dehong.
According to statistics, tax on tobacco leaves is a major component in Yunnan’s revenue since the suspension of agricultural tax. From 2009 to 2011, the area of sun-cured tobacco field accumulated to 229,950 mu and flue-cured tobacco 21,000 mu in Dehong prefecture which altogether attained 533 million RMB in agricultural output value and 113 million RMB in revenue through tobacco leaves tax. Tobacco is now the power house for Dehong’s stride to achieve prosperity throughout the entire prefecture.