Multi- catalyzer to Increase Farmers’ Earning
(potato planting in Xuangang Town)
In recent years, Dehong accomplished the optimization of cropping structure and diversification of channels to expedite farmers’ income rise. In the first three quarters of 2012, the per capita income of farmers in Dehong is 4,794 RMB, which is up by 27.6% on a year-over-year basis.
In the first three quarters, measures are taken to improve the planting structure of spring crops, expand the area for economic crops and raise the ratio of order-oriented agriculture. Rural income is raised by a notably 26.1% and reaches 3,840 RMB. The cash income for farmers throughout the prefecture embraces fast growth.
Meanwhile, local government proactively offers guidance and policy support to assist farmers with obtaining jobs, starting individual businesses, relocating work forces and broadening the channels of earnings. Under the influence of golden port and key pilot zone construction, the fixed asset investment climbs rapidly. The huge demand for labor force greatly speeds up the increase in the salary of local farmers in employments. The previous three quarters witnessed a increase in farmers’ income in terms of salary of 29.5% and amount to 514 RMB.
Furthermore, central fiscal support will continue to level up the subsidy for agriculture development. Farmers participated in grain cultivation could receive direct subsidy and a widened range of subsidy for improved seeds. Also, allowance is paid to farmers for their agricultural machinery and equipment purchase. A subsistence allowance system, with wide coverage of 170,100 farmers, is set up to secure the rise in non-salary rural income. In the first three quarters, the average non-salary income of farmers is 354 RMB, increased by 34.8%.
"Mangshi Mode” for Winter Agriculture in Yunnan
(provincial winter agriculture spot conference)
At the winter agriculture spot conference held a few days ago in Mangshi, Mr. Kong, the vice governor of Yunnan province, commended the rapid growth of winter agriculture in Mangshi city. During discussion, the governor of Mangshi, Mr. Sha, gave a presentation of “Mangshi Mode” in enhancing the benefit and expand the scale of winter agriculture.
For benefit enhancement, Mangshi makes outstanding achievements in optimizing cropping system. The flatland and part of the low mountain terrain with favorable climate condition are utilized as the field for cropping system improvement. Through scientific use of the farm land and arrangement of crops rotation schedule, Mangshi successfully transforms its cropping system from two crops in one year to three crops. The per mu output value makes a giant leap and surpasses 7,000 RMB.
For scale expansion, Mangshi follow the guideline of establishing planting base and quality business while utilizing convenient transportation to offer good supply. The winter agriculture in Mangshi carried out its production in accordance with the fluctuation of market demand and price. Farmland is tilled for winter crops that suite the soil conditions. With these measures, Mangshi realizes regionalization, expansion and industrialization of its winter agriculture and improves the aggregate revenue and overall quality of winter agriculture.