The Second Session of Asian Transport Ministers’ Forum concluded in Bangkok a few days ago, during which the Intergovernmental Agreement on Land Ports was signed by 14 member countries including Armenia, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Iran, Myanmar, Russia, etc. Four cities from Yunnan, namely, Kunming, Ruili, Jinghong, and Hekou, are listed as international land port cities, and four corresponding projects, including Kunming Junteng International Land Port, Ruili Freight Center, Jinghong Mengyang International Logistics and Trade Center, and Hekou Transportation and Logistics Zone are regarded as land port projects of international importance.
Following the signing of Intergovernmental Agreement on Asian Highways in 2004 and Pan-Asia Railway Agreement in 2006, Intergovernmental Agreement on Land Ports, with an aim to further improve infrastructure network of Asian countries, make a full use of Asian road network and railway network, as well as facilitate economic and trade communications between Asian countries, is the third transportation-related agreement approved by ESCAP. The signing of the agreement will exert great influences on the development of Asian landlocked counties and border areas of China, push forward the improvement of global transportation and logistics chains, and have a direct effect on the pattern of international geo-economy.
Experts suggest that land ports of international importance, which can play a significant role in meeting the specific needs of landlocked countries, coastal countries, and border crossing affairs, should serve as a critical part of the international integration of multi-modal transport and logistics. Furthermore, the agreement will also directly reduce transportation costs, optimize logistics procedures, and strengthen regional cooperation between member countries.
In total, 240 cities are listed as international land port cities by the agreement and 17 of them are from China, including Changchun, Kunming, Nanning, Zhangmu, Yiwu, Jinghong, Ruili, and so on.