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The homeland of peacocks

In the west of Yunnan Province China, there is a beautiful piece of land, which is named Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture.

Peoples Life

Pubdate:2009-05-30

  The period of the “The Tenth Five-year Plan” was the time when the economic construction of all fields acquired their fastest and finest developments in Dehong Prefecture; in this period, the living standards of all nationalities were raised apparently. In 2005, the value of per capita production of Dehong Prefecture was 5523 Yuan; the wages for the staff at work was 12608 Yuan per capita, among which the wages for staff of the state-owned enterprises was 12830 Yuan per capita, the wages for collective economic units of towns was 8956 Yuan per capita and the wages for other units was 12631 Yuan per capita. According to the sampling survey, the disposable income for the town dwellers in the prefecture was 8395 Yuan per capita and 6541 Yuan for consumption expenditure per capita; as for the consumption structure, the foodstuff payout people paid for per capita was 2426 Yuan and the consumption expenditure for vehicles and communication was 1039 Yuan per capita; the expenses for medical care was 574 Yuan per capita; the payment for education, cultural and recreational expenses was 931 per capita; the food consumption for the inhabitants’ essential living dropped off gradually; whereas, the consumption for training, study and recreation was rising relatively fast; home computers, video cameras, mobile telephones and motorcycles were becoming the consumption focus; automobiles and residential buildings became the new consumption light spots for the town dwellers. By the end of year in 2005, there had been 120.9 color TV sets, 2.4 video cameras, 143 mobile telephones, 89 motorcycles, 3.8 family cars per hundred households; the residential buildings were constructed in the trend of fit designing, complete facilities, spacious and comfort rooms; the usable area of lodging reached 30.2 m2 per capita.

  The net income for farmers was 1504 Yuan per capita and the farmers’ consumption expenditure was 1385 Yuan per capita; the consumption structure was 720 Yuan for foodstuff payments, 60 Yuan for clothing payments, 51 Yuan for household equipments, 81 Yuan for medical care, 112 Yuan for trafficking and communication payments and 93 Yuan for cultural, educational and recreation payments; there were 61.3 color TV sets, 2 refrigerators, 40.8 large suites of furniture and 30.4 motorcycles per hundred households; the living space was 20.6 m2 per capita.

  The savings deposit balance for the inhabitants of towns and the countryside was 6751 Yuan per capita and their standards of living and quality of life improved year by year. (Translated by Zhang Chengtie)


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       Before liberation, it had been for a long time that the people of all nationalities struggled on the poverty line owing to its lagged mode of production and lower productivity, even with the fertile lands and a sparse population in Dehong Prefecture. After the founding of the P.R.C., all the nationalities stood up and became the master of their fate, especially after accomplishing “Peaceful Consultations” and “Land Reforms” in 1955, all the nationalities possessed an unprecedented high enthusiasm of production, building up their life in high spirits and longing for a beautiful future. However, owing to the wrongful influence of the policy of “The Great Leap Forward”, the movement of “The Great Cultural Revolution” and other left-leaning errors, just as the same situations in the whole nation, the economic construction in Dehong Prefectural frontier area met with a severe frustration and the national economy nearly went to a collapse fringe; from the middle of the 1960s to the 1970s, people led a life of deficient material; it was a planned economy era when food, clothes and other basic living things need the coupon-based supplying. People led a life with monotony wearing, rare non-staple food; bicycles, wristwatches, sewing machines and radios were called “Three Cycling and One sound”, which became the superior vogue goods of people’s pursuing. In 1978, after the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC, the job focus for the Party and the nation shifted to the economic construction; the Responsibility System Linked with Output was executed in the countryside and the Policy of Reform and Opening to the Outside World was carried into execution by the nation; people’s living standards were improving year by year; people dressed warmly and could eat their fill; furthermore, people became wealthy gradually and the “ten thousand-yuan-household” began to show up in the society; the color TV sets, refrigerators ,washing machines and motorcycles replaced the “ Three Cycling and One Sound ” and became the new vogue of big merchandise.